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Most common eye pathologies and vision disorders that may appear in children

Are you wondering if your child has a problem with his or her vision? Many eye diseases occur during the pediatric stage and early recognition is essential for their detection and resolution. Today in Nano Blog we tell you the most common.

As parents, it is our responsibility to ensure optimal health in our kids. Their visual health should also be monitored as during the first years of life the vision goes through many changes and it is imperative to conduct periodic examinations to children to evaluate the correct evolution of their vision.

The most common eye disorders in childhood

While sometimes children give clear signals that can alert us about a visual problem, other times, vision disorders can go unnoticed. If you want to know the most common, read on.

Myopia: This is a vision defect that causes us to see distant objects blurred. In children it can be more difficult to identify than in the case of adults, so we encourage you to pay attention to signs such as confusion between words and/or lines. Difficulty or inability to identify faces or hypersensitivity to light.

Farsightedness: Children with this condition do not see the nearest objects correctly. When they have this alteration in vision they usually suffer from hypersensitivity to light, excessive blinking, and a habitual stinging in the eyes. Farsightedness in children is a refractive problem that with glasses with convergent lenses can be redirected and optical correction achieved.

Astigmatism: Astigmatism has an important genetic component so if any of the parents have it, we must be vigilant. This condition causes the cornea to experience irregular curvature by deforming objects both short and long distance. In minors it usually manifests through itching and redness of the eyes, headaches, eye fatigue and winks seeking to focus the view.

Lazy Eye: Also called amblyopia occurs due to lack of visual stimulation during the development of the eyes. It usually appears because of strabismus or when the child has a large graduation difference between both eyes. Warning signs include recurrent headache, if you close an eye to focus or tilt your head when you are performing tasks that require visual effort. The lazy eye can be corrected if it is detected and treated early, before 7 or 8 years with the use of the right glasses.

Strabismus: is the loss of parallelism in the child’s eyes. This causes an abnormal deviation of one or both eyes in one of the eye positions. It is more easily detectable than the previous pathologies by the evidence in the look of the child, although other symptoms may be visual fatigue, reading difficulty or double vision.

In any case, if there is any doubt or warning sign, it is advisable to make an appointment with the vision specialist and, if there are no signs, make the recommended periodic reviews. The first at six months. The second at three years of age and annually thereafter.

Nano, experts in children visual health.